Marijuana use disorder a growing problem


marijuana use disorders

Users and Abusers

Written by Allyson Jones

A marijuana-use disorder is like any other drug-use disorder. It involves a person being dependent on the drug (in this case marijuana) and abusing it. Marijuana-use disorders have become a significant and rising problem in the United States.

Use:
2001-2002: 4% of adults reported having used marijuana in the past year
2012-2013: 10%

Abuse/Dependence:
Early 2000s: 1.5% of adults had marijuana use disorder
2012-2013: 3%

Sources: Columbia University, Reuters Health, JAMA Psychiatry
(This study involved data and interviews from almost 80,000 people.)


Marijuana use disorder: Having a strong desire to take the drug, difficulty controlling use, persisting in use despite consequences, higher priorities given to using marijuana over other activities and obligations. Some may also feel social withdrawal, vocational impairment, marriage and child neglect, and lack of self-control.


It is a startling and unsettling fact that the percentages have at least doubled for both the number of users and the number of abusers of marijuana. It is not surprising, however, that as the number of adults using marijuana increases, so will the number of adults with marijuana-use disorders.

But why are these trends a problem? Many states in the U.S. are beginning to legalize marijuana both for medical and recreational use, so what are the negative side effects to having an increase in marijuana users and abusers? According to Scientific American, “Past studies have tied marijuana use to mental health issues, poor quality of life, use of other drugs, and withdrawal after heavy use.”

While research does point to some medical benefits of marijuana, mental health issues and poor quality of life are also documented realities tied to the use of this drug. Though many hold the argument that marijuana is not addictive and is not a gateway drug, others disagree.

“Although some people question the concept of marijuana dependence or addiction, diagnostic, epidemiological, laboratory, and clinical studies clearly indicate that the condition exists, is important, and causes harm,” wrote researchers in an article published in Addiction Science & Clinical Practice.

Since this drug is inexpensive and easy to access in many states, it makes it simple for people to use it often, which can eventually lead to marijuana-use disorders. And since many people who abuse marijuana are under the age of twenty-five, this disorder can lead to enduring complications and unfortunate effects.

“They continue to smoke the drug despite social, psychological, and physical impairments, commonly citing consequences such as relationship and family problems, guilt associated with use of the drug, financial difficulties, low energy and self-esteem, dissatisfaction with productivity levels, sleep and memory problems, and low life satisfaction,” researchers wrote in the Addiction Science & Clinical Practice article.

Marijuana use at an early age can become a problem that continues to grow and produce negative affects on lives. A recent statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics said that the effects of marijuana on adolescents are well documented, and include things like impaired short-term memory and decreased problem solving ability.

Some may confuse the new legality of marijuana use with general acceptance in the medical community. This is not the case. There are many warning voices that oppose use of the drug except for specific medical conditions, just as there are warning voices against other legal substances.

 

 

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1 Comment

  1. Avatar
    Malcolm Kyle
    November 17, 2015
    Reply

    Scientific research clearly demonstrates that Marijuana is less addictive than a cup of tea.

    Dr. Jack E. Henningfield of the National Institute on Drug Abuse and Dr. Neal L. Benowitz of the University of California at San Francisco ranked six psychoactive substances on five criteria.

    Withdrawal — The severity of withdrawal symptoms produced by stopping the use of the drug.

    Reinforcement — The drug’s tendency to induce users to take it again and again.

    Tolerance — The user’s need to have ever-increasing doses to get the same effect.

    Dependence — The difficulty in quitting, or staying off the drug, the number of users who eventually become dependent

    Intoxication — The degree of intoxication produced by the drug in typical use.

    The tables listed below show the rankings given for each of the drugs. Overall, their evaluations for the drugs are very consistent. It is notable that marijuana ranks below caffeine in most addictive criteria, while alcohol and tobacco are near the top of the scale in many areas.

    The rating scale is from 1 to 6 — 1 denotes the drug with the strongest addictive tendencies, while 6 denotes the drug with the least addictive tendencies.

    HENNINGFIELD RATINGS

    Withdrawal Reinforcement Tolerance Dependence Intoxication

    Nicotine 3 4 2 1 5

    Heroin 2 2 1 2 2

    Cocaine 4 1 4 3 3

    Alcohol 1 3 3 4 1

    Caffeine 5 6 5 5 6

    Marijuana 6 5 6 6 4

    BENOWITZ RATINGS

    Withdrawal Reinforcement Tolerance Dependence Intoxication

    Nicotine 3 4 4 1 6

    Heroin 2 2 2 2 2

    Cocaine 3 1 1 3 3

    Alcohol 1 3 4 4 1

    Caffeine 4 5 3 5 5

    Marijuana 5 6 5 6 4

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